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        天譯時代翻譯公司

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        臨床醫學翻譯-人體解剖學詞匯中英對照

        翻譯公司 / 翻譯知識 / 臨床醫學翻譯-人體解剖學詞匯中英對照
        2017-07-19 翻譯公司 熱度:6142℃

        北京天譯翻譯公司是一家專業醫學翻譯公司,在醫學翻譯領域有豐富的翻譯經驗。立足北京并致力于在上海、大連、廣州、等地提供醫學翻譯服務。公司整合了各地的資源,并在北京、上海、廣州等地建立了翻譯公司分部,以依托外資開發當地的翻譯市場。天譯翻譯公司的翻譯人員都有著優秀的翻譯水平,公司的所有翻譯均有著深厚的行業背景和翻譯經驗,對所翻譯的行業有著深刻的理解,從而能夠確保翻譯項目的質量。公司致力于為每位客戶提供專業快速的翻譯服務,并成為溝通世界與中國的橋梁。

        臨床醫學翻譯之人體解剖學基本詞匯中英對照

        可按Ctrl+F查找

        systematic anatomy系統解剖學

        regional anatomy(topographic anatomy·)局部解剖學

        anatomical position解剖學姿勢

        superior上

        inferior下

        anterior前

        posterior后

        medial內側

        lateral外側

        superficial淺

        deep深

        internal 內

        external外

        proximal近側

        distal遠側

        vertical axis垂直軸

        sagittal axis矢狀軸

        coronal axis(frontal axis)冠狀軸(額狀軸)

        sagittal plane矢狀面

        coronal plane(frontal plane)冠狀面(額狀面)

        horizontal plane(transverse plane)水平面(橫切面)

        I.Locomotor System運動系統

        1.Bony System (Osteology)骨學

        long bone長骨

        short bone短骨

        flat bone扁骨

        irregular bone不規則骨

        sesamoid bone籽骨

        compact bone(dense bone)骨密質

        cancellous bone(spongy bone)骨松質

        diploe板障

        periosteum骨膜

        bone marrow骨髓

        (1)Bones of Trunk軀干骨

        vertebrae椎骨

        cervical vertebrae頸椎

        thoracic vertebrae胸椎

        lumbar vertebrae腰椎

        sacrum骶骨

        coccyx尾骨

        atlas寰椎

        axis樞椎

        vertebra prominens隆椎

        sternum胸骨

        rib肋骨

        costal cartilage肋軟骨

        (2)Skull顱

        frontal bone額骨

        ethmoid bone篩骨

        sphenoid bone蝶骨

        parietal bone頂骨

        temporal bone顳骨

        occipital bone枕骨

        maxilla上頜骨

        zygomatic bone顴骨

        palatine bone腭骨

        nasal bone鼻骨

        lacrimal bone淚骨

        inferior nasal concha下鼻甲

        vomer犁骨

        mandible下頜骨

        hyoid bone舌骨

        (3)Bones of Upper Limb上肢骨

        clavicle鎖骨

        scapula肩胛骨

        humerus肱骨

        ulna尺骨

        radius橈骨

        scaphoid bone手舟骨

        lunate bone月骨

        triquetral bone三角骨

        pisiform bone豌豆骨

        trapezium bone大多角骨

        trapezoid bone小多角骨

        capitate bone頭狀骨

        hamate bone鉤骨

        metacarpal bones掌骨

        phalanges指骨

        (4)Bones of Lower Limb下肢骨

        hip bone髖骨

        ilium髂骨

        ischium坐骨

        pubis恥骨

        femur股骨

        patella髕骨

        tibia脛骨

        fibula腓骨

        talus距骨

        calcaneus跟骨

        navicular bone足舟骨

        medial cuneiform bone內側楔骨

        intermediate cuneiform bone中間楔骨

        lateral cuneiform bone外側楔骨

        cuboid bone骰骨

        metartarsal bones跖骨

        phalanges of toes趾骨

        2.Arthrology關節學

        joint(articulation)關節

        ligament韌帶

        flexion屈

        extension伸

        adduction收

        abduction展

        pronation旋前

        supination旋后

        rotation旋轉

        circumduction環轉

        (1)Joints of Bones of Trunk軀干骨的連結

        vertebral column脊柱

        intervertebral disc椎間盤

        annulus fibrosus纖維環

        nucleus pulposus髓核

        anterior longitudinal ligament前縱韌帶

        posterior longitudinal ligament后縱韌帶

        cervical curve頸曲

        thoracic curve胸曲

        lumbar curve腰曲

        sacral curve骶曲

        thoracic cage胸廓

        costal arch肋弓

        (2)Synovial Joint of Skull顱的連結

        temporomandibular joint顳下頜關節

        (3)Joints of Upper Limb上肢骨連結

        shoulder joint肩關節

        elbow joint肘關節

        wrist joint(radiocarpal joint)腕關節(橈腕關節)

        (4)Joints of Lower Limb下肢骨連結

        pelvis骨盆

        hip joint髖關節

        knee joint膝關節

        medial meniscus內側半月板

        lateral meniscus外側半月板

        ankle joint(talocrural joint)踝關節(距小腿關節)

        arch of foot足弓

        3.Myology(Muscular System)肌學

        muscle肌

        long muscle長肌

        short muscle短肌

        flat muscle扁肌

        orbicular muscle輪匝肌

        superficial fascia(subcutaneous fascia)淺筋膜

        deep fascia(proper fascia)深筋膜

        (1)Muscles of Head頭肌

        1)Facial Muscles面肌

        Epicranius(occipitofrontalis)顱頂肌(枕額肌)

        galea aponeurotica帽狀腱膜

        orbicularis oculi眼輪匝肌

        orbicularis oris口輪匝肌

        2)Masticatory Muscles咀嚼肌

        masseter咬肌

        temporalis顳肌

        lateral pterygoid翼外肌

        medial pterygoid翼內肌

        (2)Muscles of Neck頸肌

        platysma頸闊肌

        sternocleidomastoid胸鎖乳突肌

        scalenus anterior前斜角肌

        (3)Muscles of Trunk軀干肌

        1)Muscles of Back背肌

        trapezius斜方肌

        latissimus dorsi背闊肌

        erector spinae(sacrospinalis)豎脊肌(骶棘肌)

        2)Muscles of Thorax胸肌

        pectoralis major胸大肌

        serratus anterior前鋸肌

        intercostales externi肋間外肌

        intercostales interni肋間內肌

        3)Diaphragm膈

        4)Muscles of Abdomen腹肌

        obliquus externus abdominis腹外斜肌

        obliquus internus abdominis腹內斜肌

        transversus abdominis腹橫肌

        rectus abdominis腹直肌

        (4)Muscles of Upper Limb上肢肌

        1)Muscles of Shoulder肩肌

        deltoid三角肌

        2)Muscles of Arm臂肌

        biceps brachii肱二頭肌

        brachialis肱肌

        triceps brachii肱三頭肌

        3)Muscles of Forearm前臂肌

        flexor pollicis longus拇長屈肌

        flexor digitorum superficialis指淺屈肌

        flexor digitorum profundus指深屈肌

        extensor pollicis longus拇長伸肌

        extensor digitorum指伸肌

        4)Muscles of Hand手肌

        (5)Muscles of Lower Limb下肢肌

        1)Muscles of Hip髖肌

        psoas major腰大肌

        iliacus髂肌

        gluteus maximus臀大肌

        piriformis梨狀肌

        2)Muscles of Thigh大腿肌

        sartorius縫匠肌

        quadriceps femoris股四頭肌

        adductor longus長收肌

        adductor magnus大收肌

        biceps femoris股二頭肌

        semitendinosus半腱肌

        semimembranosus半膜肌

        3)Muscles of Leg小腿肌

        tibialis anterior脛骨前肌

        extensor digitorum longus趾長伸肌

        extensor hallucis longus拇長伸肌

        triceps surae小腿三頭肌

        flexor digitorum longus趾長屈肌

        tibialis posterior脛骨后肌

        flexor hallucis longus拇長屈肌

        4)Muscles of Foot足肌

        II.Splanchnology內臟學

        viscera內臟

        1.Alimentary System消化系統

        alimentary canal消化管

        alimentary gland消化腺

        (1)Oral Cavity口腔

        oral lips口唇

        philtrum人中

        cheek頰

        hard palate硬腭

        soft palate軟腭

        uvula腭垂

        palatine velum腭帆

        palatoglossal arch腭舌弓

        palatopharyngeal arch腭咽弓

        isthmus of fauces咽峽

        deciduous teeth乳牙

        permanent teeth恒牙

        incisor切牙

        canine尖牙

        premolar前磨牙

        molar磨牙

        dentine牙質

        enamel釉質

        cement牙骨質

        dental pulp牙髓

        tongue舌

        parotid gland腮腺

        submandibular gland下頜下腺

        sublingual gland舌下腺

        (2)Pharynx咽

        nasopharynx鼻咽

        oropharynx口咽

        laryngopharynx喉咽

        palatine tonsil腭扁桃體

        (3)Esophagus食管

        (4)Stomach胃

        (5)Small Intestine小腸

        duodenum十二指腸

        jejunum空腸

        ileum回腸

        (6)Large Intestine大腸

        caecum盲腸

        vermiform appendix闌尾

        ascending colon升結腸

        transverse colon橫結腸

        descending colon降結腸

        sigmoid colon乙狀結腸

        rectum直腸

        anal canal肛管

        anal column肛柱

        anal valve肛瓣

        anal sinus肛竇

        dental line齒狀線

        anal pecten肛梳

        white line白線

        anus肛門

        sphincter ani internus肛門內括約肌

        sphincter ani externus肛門外括約肌

        (7)Liver肝

        porta hepatis肝門

        hepatic pedicle肝蒂

        gallbladder膽囊

        (8)Pancreas胰

        2.Respiratory System呼吸系統

        respiratory tract呼吸道

        respiratory organ呼吸器官

        (1)Nose鼻

        (2)Paranasal Sinus鼻旁竇

        frontal sinus額竇

        maxillary sinus上頜竇

        ethmoidal sinus篩竇

        sphenoid sinus蝶竇

        (3)Larynx喉

        thyroid cartilage甲狀軟骨

        cricoid cartilage環狀軟骨

        arytenoid cartilage杓狀軟骨

        epiglottic cartilage會厭軟骨

        vocal fold聲帶

        cricothyroid環甲肌

        (4)Trachea and Bronchi氣管和支氣管

        right principal bronchus右主支氣管

        left principal bronchus左主支氣管

        (5)Lung肺

        apex of lung肺尖

        base of lung肺底

        hilum of lung肺門

        root of lung肺根

        (6)Pleura胸膜

        parietal pleura壁胸膜

        viceral pleura臟胸膜

        pleural cavity胸膜腔

        costodiaphragmatic recess肋膈隱窩

        3.Urinary System泌尿系統

        kidney腎

        renal hilum腎門

        renal pedicle腎蒂

        renal sinus腎竇

        renal region腎區

        minor renal calices腎小盞

        major renal calices腎大盞

        renal pelvis腎盂

        ureter輸尿管

        urinary bladder膀胱

        urethra尿道

        4.Male Genital System男性生殖系統

        testis睪丸

        epididymis附睪

        ductus deferens輸精管

        spermatic cord精索

        ejaculatory duct射精管

        seminal vesicle精囊

        prostate前列腺

        bulbourethral gland尿道球腺

        penis陰莖

        scrotum陰囊

        5.Female Genital System女性生殖系統

        ovary卵巢

        uterine tube輸卵管

        uterus子宮

        vagina陰道

        vaginal orifice陰道口

        hymen處女膜

        greater vestibular gland前庭大腺

        vulva女陰

        greater lip of pudendum大陰唇

        lesser lip of pudendum小陰唇

        clitoris陰

        mamma乳房

        mammary papilla(nipple)乳頭

        6.Peritonium腹膜

        peritoneal cavity腹膜腔

        lesser omentum小網膜

        greater omentum大網膜

        mesentery腸系膜

        rectovesical pouch直腸膀胱陷凹

        vesicouterine pouch膀胱子宮陷凹

        rectouterine pouch(Douglas’pouch)直腸子宮陷凹(道格拉斯陷窩)

        III.Vascular System脈管系統

        1.Cardiovascular System心血管系統

        pulmonary circulation(lesser circulation)肺循環(小循環)

        systemic circulation(greater circulation)體循環(大循環)

        (1)Heart心

        right atrium右心房

        right ventricle右心室

        left atrium左心房

        left ventricle左心室

        tricuspid valve三尖瓣

        bicuspid valve二尖瓣

        aortic valve主動脈瓣

        pulmonary valve肺動脈瓣

        sinoatrial node竇房結

        internodal tract結間束

        atrioventricular node房室結

        翻譯常見問題
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